In beautiful Spain, on top of the hill al-Sabika in the west part of the city Granada lies the magnificent Alhambra. From this amazing building, you can enjoy the incredible view of the entire city. The name itself is in Arabic and translated it means Red Castle, because of the color of the walls.
Home to many of the royal blood, Alhambra was first mentioned as early as the 97h century where it served as a safe place for Sawwar ben Hamdun, escaping the civil war. It began as a simple fortress and throughout the years to come, the building grew in its size as well as beauty, and become a massive complex of not only fortresses and walls but also palaces, patios, and bathrooms.
Construction of Alhambra
The most significant period in the construction of Alhambra was in the 13th century, while it was a home to the monarch from the Nasrid dynasty – Mohammed I. He was responsible for the Watch Tower and the Keep (Torre de la Vela and Torre del Homenaje, respectively). He also created a canal system that went up to the neighboring river Darro. His successors continued his work by creating public baths, amongst other things. In the 14th century rulers of the Nasrid dynasty created some of the most admirable constructions in Alhambra, amongst which are the Justice Gate, Hall of the Boat, Patio of the Lions, as well as the Comares Room. To celebrate the victory and the liberation of Spain from the intruders in 1942 Ferdinand and Isabella chose this place as a location for the Royal Court and redecorated some parts of the palaces.
Alhambra during 19th Century
In centuries after that, certain parts were demolished, following the orders of Charles V. The part left untacked was abandoned, and during the 19th century the Alhambra returned the glory once held through the process of restoration. When it comes to buildings, they usually have rooms leading to a central court and are almost all built quadrangular in the plan. Everything is connected with passages and arcs. Decoration in the palace is created using natural backgrounds in combination with various geometrical shapes presented on a plaster rather than stone.
When it was built it was known as a “pearl set in emeralds” amongst Arabic people, due to the color of the surroundings. Alhambra is surrounded by mountains and also filled with a lot of different plants, flowers, and fruits, as well as various fountains and cascades.
UNESCO World Heritage Site
All of the nations and races that lived in Spain took part in the construction of Alhambra, which is shown in its unique architecture. Muslims, Jews and Catholic together left their mark on this historic building, making it unique in appearance as well as in the story behind it. Because of all of this, Alhambra represents the crown jewel of Islamic architecture in the Spain, and it has inspired many legends and poems throughout the centuries. Because of its incredible beauty and value, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.