Philae is an island in Lake Nasser, Egypt. Philae has a great historic importance. Philae is actually an appellation of two small islands located near Aswan. The main attraction of the two islands is the architecture. Ruins of various eras, from Egyptian to Roman can be found here. The most ancient of these ruins is the temple of Isis built in the reign of the pharaoh Nectanebo 1. Isis was the goddess whom the initial building was dedicated.
The other ruins date from Ptolemic times and also include some monuments made during the Roman era. The Roman work was mostly dedicated to the deities Amun and Osiris. The temple of Philae is guarded by two colonnades. In the principal court are small temples which are dedicated to Isis, Hathor and some other deities. The walls are inscribed with the story of Osiris; of how Osiris was killed and set adrift on the Nile river and how Isis brought him back to life for proper burial. The inscriptions describe the crying of Isis on Osiris’s death every year, causing the flooding of Nile.
The monuments clearly show the survival of pure Egyptian art centuries after the decline of the Egyptian civilization Many sculptures also represent the birth of Ptolemy Philometor. Some Greek inscriptions can also be found upon the two great propyla which have been partially destroyed by the Egyptians figures cut across them. Thus, it shows that the temple of Philae was also important during the Greek and Roman eras. Moreover, the ruins of a Christian church were also discovered on the island owing to the fact that the island also had a historical importance for Christians.
Being religiously significant in major historical eras, the island has always attracted the attention of historians and archaeologists. Since the 19th century, the historians have visited and marveled the beauty of the temple. UNESCO has started a project for saving the temple from getting destroyed by the Nile River. Since its discovery it has been a major tourist attraction site. It is indeed an amazing place to visit for all the history and mythology lovers.